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Signs and Symptoms of Gonorrhoea

(aka The Clap...!)
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Signs and symptoms of gonorrhoea
Gonorrhoea is the oldest sexually transmitted infection (STI) known to man. It is a bacterial infection that is transmitted from an infected person to another through any type of unprotected pareunia.

Gonorrhoeal infection is also known as "the clap" or "the drip". It is also known colloquially as "gono".

Causes
Gonorrhoeal infection is caused by a bacterium known as Neisseria gonorrhoea or Neisseria gonococcus. This gonococcal infection infects both men and women alike, it basically infects the genital tracks, rectum, throat and eyes of both men and women. In females, gonorrhoeal infection can also afect the cervix. The gonococcus bacterium basically live, inhabits and damages the walls of the moist mucous membranes of the affected areas. Prolonged and untreated gonorrhoeal infection most often leads to some medical complications.

On infection, the signs and symptoms or clinical manifestations of gonorrhoea begins to appear between 2 to 10 days after first exposure. However, some persons do not present any signs and symptoms long after exposure. This therefore greatly increases the risk of spreading this infection. The clinical manifestations of gonorrhoea in men are slightly different from women.

Below are some of the gonorrhoeal specific signs and symptoms;

Clinical manifestations in men
  • Whitish, yellowish or greenish pus-like discharge (drip) from the urethra,
  • Pain in the testicles or scrotum,
  • Increased frequency of urination,
  • Anal discharge (for anal infection),
  • Pain and/ or burning sensation on stooling (for anal infection),
  • Bleeding on stooling (for anal infection),
  • Pain and/ or burning sensation on urination,
  • Genital itching,
  • Genital irritation,
  • Swellings around the groins,
  • Swollen lymph nodes or neck (for throat infection),
  • Difficulty swallowing (for throat infection),
  • Soreness of the throat (for throat infection),
  • Pain in the eyes (for eye infection),
  • Light sensitivity and pus-like discharge from the eyes (for eye infection),
  • Genital or urethral soreness,
  • Swollen testicles,
  • Swelling of the foreskin,
  • Bleeding in the rectum (for anal infection),
  • Fever,
  • Joint pain; for prolonged infections,
  • Feeling of tiredness; for prolonged infections,
  • Inflammation of the urethra,
  • Bladder or urinary tract infection (UTI),
  • Warm and painful joints; for prolonged infections),
  • Red and swollen joints; for prolonged infection, etc. 

Clinical manifestations in women
  • Painful bowel movement,
  • Painful pareunia,
  • Fever,
  • Whitish, greenish, or yellowish discharge (drip),
  • Odourous or smelling discharge,
  • Swelling of the vulva,
  • Heavy menstrual flow,
  • Bleeding in between periods,
  • Bleeding during and/ or after intercourse,
  • Nausea,
  • Vomiting,
  • Increased frequency of urination,
  • Lower abdominal or pelvic pain,
  • Pain during urination (not common),
  • Soreness of the throat (for throat infection),
  • Genital itching,
  • Itching of the throat (for throat infection),
  • Anal itching (for anal infection),
  • Difficulty swallowing (for throat infection),
  • Swollen neck or lymph nodes (for throat infection),
  • Joint pain; for prolonged infections,
  • Red and swollen joints,
  • Eye pain; for eye infection,
  • Light sensitivity and pus-like discharge from the eyes (for eye infection),
  • Bladder infection,
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI),
  • Inflammation of the uterine cervix,
  • Inflammation of the Vulva,
  • Feeling of tiredness, etc.

Prevention
Gonorrhoeal infection can be prevented by:
  1. Abstinence, abstaining totally or completely from any form of pareunia or intercourse is the best and safest way to preventing gonorrhoeal infection.
  2. Use of male or female condoms properly and consistently during coition to help reduce and/ or prevent gonorrhoeal infection.
  3. Do not share toys, wash all your toys properly and/ or cover them with new condoms properly before anyone else is allowed to use them.
  4. Maintaining a single pareunia partner that is not infected is one of the safest prevention method of gonorrhoeal infection. Each time you have a new partner, you are exposed and you put your partner at risk.
  5. Using male protection and any barrier, latex or dental dam for the female genitals properly before coition.
  6. If you and/ or your partner are/ is experiencing an unusual symptoms, get tested. And if already infected, avoid (stop) having intercourse until treatment is complete for you and your usual coition partner(s).
  7. Have your pareunia partner(s) tested, always endeavour to find out whether your partner(s) has been tested for STIs, basically gonorrhoea. If not, ask if he/ she would be willing to get tested and encourage such person(s) to go for Screening before having pareunia 

See a Doctor
Are you experiencing any or some of the Signs and symptoms stated above?, then it is time to see a doctor. Are you having lower abdominal pain? Feeling pain or burning sensation during urination? Are you having Odorous discharge? Are you experiencing tiredness? having any sores around your genitals? Are you experiencing an unusually heavy Menstrual flow? are you feeling malaise, intense itching and irritation around your genitals or feeling this general body weakness for reasons you can not possibly explain. Make an appointment with your doctor get yourself checked, tested and treated. It is time to get well and enjoy a happy and healthy.


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