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Risk Factors of Reproductive Health

Risk factors are factors that increases a person's chances of developing a condition. Many factors can cause or contribute to a person’s chances  of developing  a medical condition when it comes to reproductive health. There are certain risk factors that are Associated with Reproductive Health. Some of which are;

1. Gender inequality: Lack of women empowerment, giving more attention to a male child, this gives the female child a second place in the society and often causes psychological depression to the girl child.

2. Socio-economic status: Socio economic status affects the women’s status by affecting their decision making roles in the community, educational status, health coverage, level of sexual abuse, etc.

3.  Psychological factors: For instance, after sexual abuse women are at great risk of depression.

4. Socio-cultural factors: Like early marriage, early childbirth, harmful traditional practices such as Female genital mutilation, etc. are explicit risk factors to reproductive health.

5. Interaction with providers: Some health care providers are, unsympathetic and uncaring as they do not respect women's cultural preferences. E.g. privacy, birth position, or treatment by women providers.

6. Inadequate Health Service Coverage: Most mothers do not get care during pregnancy and most deliveries are unattended. This is due to lack of transportation, distance from health facilities, small number of health facilities, etc.

7. Educational level: Individuals with poor educational background lack the knowledge for what is appropriate in maintaining a proper Reproductive health.

8. Age: This is one very important risk factor of reproductive health. In some part of the world, underage girls are given out for marriage (child marriage). And many adolescents are already sexually active at an early age, which consequently leads to teenage pregnancy and child birth.

9. Ethnicity: This basically affects how boys and girls are expected to behave. For example, in some religious or cultural gathering, boys are expected to sit separately from girls. This can lead to low self esteem, inferiority complex when boys and girls eventually find themselves together. They will find it difficult to express themselves before the other. 

10. Religion: Some religion undermines the right of women. Their choices and right completely striped from them. They are given back sits and not allowed to contribute, and no proper developmental education is available for the adolescents.

11. Female genital mutilation: this is the partial or complete removal of the external genitalia, or the causing of injuries to the female genitalia. It is a deeply rooted traditional practice in parts of the world that have severe reproductive health consequences for girls.

12. Resources: According to a report published in wiki, individuals with low income levels lack the resources for appropriate health services. This is true owing to the high cost of health care services in developing countries.

13. Environment: Reproductive health is basically influenced by the environment of an individual. These environmental factors include physical, biological, behavioral, cultural, etc. The effects of these features may vary from one place to another.

14. Infertility: Infertility refers to the inability to conceive after having unprotected intercourse at or during ovulation. This could affect both partners.

15. Endocrine disruption: This is a process where chemical substances interfere with endocrine system and affects the reproductive system adversely.

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